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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Taxation in Sinnar in About 1700
Author:Spaulding, Jay L.ISNI
Year:1984
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Volume:6
Issue:1-2
Pages:127-146
Language:English
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:taxation
Funj polity
customary law
land law
Economics and Trade
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43663308
Abstract:The kingdom of Sinnar dominated much of the northern Nile Valley in Sudan from about 1500 until 1821, reaching its apogee at the close of the seventeenth century. Most forms of wealth in Sinnar derived from the land and society itself was divided into two classes in relation to that resource: a landholding elite known as the Funj and a 'generality' of production 'subjects'. In terms of land tenure, the kingdom, governed by a sultan, was subinfeudated into provinces, which in turn were subinfeudated into districts. A subject had multifarious feudal obligations to his lord and the state apparatus ensured that subjects were kept in their place. The state also functioned to maintain a complicated set of hierarchical relations within the elite and used its ample coercive powers to impose a regular flow of political payments by lesser noblemen to their superiors. General taxes, levied by the state treasury at a proportional rate according to economic conditions, were assessed, collected, and dispersed in diverse ways varying with the prevailing patterns of life and production in the northern, central, and southern parts of the kingdom. - Notes.
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