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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Development of the Army Officer Corps in Ghana, 1956-1966
Author:Hutchful, Eboe
Periodical:Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:armed forces
Military, Defense and Arms
Politics and Government
Abstract:In March 1957 the Gold Coast Regiment of the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF), originally formed in 1897, officially became the Ghana army. In its half century of existence, the RWAFF had remained virtually unchanged in its structure - a volunteer force composed largely of illiterate African soldiers conmanded by British officers and British and African warrant officers and non-commissioned officers. The RWAFF emerged from World War II with only one commissioned African officer. Not until 1947 was the decision made to train African officers to command local forces. A training school was established at Teshie, near Accra, to give basic training to officer cadets from the Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. By December 1956, however, of the 212 officers in the army, 184 were British and only 28 were Ghanalai This did not appear to be an impressive rate of Ghanaianization, particularly when compared with the rise between 1946 and 1957 of the number of senior Ghanaian officers in the civil service from 89 to 1,581. What factors accounted for the relatively slow rate of indigenization in the army officers corps? This paper not only attempts to answer this question but also to fill important gaps in the study of the Ghanaian military. - Notes tab.