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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Political Significance of the Wolof Adherence to Muslim Brotherhoods in the Nineteenth Century
Author:Behrman, Lucy C.
Periodical:African Historical Studies
Geographic term:Senegal
Islamic history
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:The Wolof (Senegal) had been in contact with Muslim Marabouts long before the first Europeans appeared in the fifteenth century. Many Wolof converted to Islam during this early period but as a group they did not accept Islam before the advent of the Muslim brotherhoods or tariqas at the end of the 19th century. The brotherhoods were more than a continuation of the long process of Islamization. They appeared as dynamic movements, symbolizing the social and political protest of the followers which they attracted. This essay examines what attributes made the brotherhoods particularly suitable for stimulating and channeling political protest and reform movements; what specific factors in the Senegalese situation gave the brotherhoods their dynamic appeal; what the political signicance of the Wolof conversion at that time was. Notes.