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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Gender and the Structure of Reality in Temne Divination: An Interactive Study
Author:Shaw, Rosalind
Year:1985
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Volume:55
Issue:3
Pages:256-303
Language:English
Geographic term:Sierra Leone
Subjects:divination
Temne
women
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1160581
http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&res_dat=xri:pao:&rft_dat=xri:pao:article:4011-1985-055-00-000019
Abstract:During overt discourse, whenever men are present, Temne almost always attribute marital problems, and usually birth problems as well, to the social disruptive behaviour of woman, a normative view. The author reports a case of a young Temne woman who consulted a diviner about a series of arguments in her marital home. In that case the got an anj-yina diagnosis of her troubles that did not reflect the normative view of the Temne on marital problems. The diagnosis in question is significant as it reversed the stereotyped formulation. This reversion can be seen as stemming from the woman's relationship with the specific diviner, her paternal uncle. This article contends that the selection of a related diviner, far from being abnormal, typifies the kinds of strategy that social subordinates in general and women in particular engage in to restructure disadvantageous but dominant conceptions of reality in their society. Divination provides a vehicle for the active negotiation of meanings and categorizations which are themselves constitutive of different interests within society. This article, then, concerns the interrelation between conceptual structures and social strategy. - Notes, ref., sum. in French.
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