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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Regulation and the development of petty trade in the Kweneng
Author:Silitshena, R.M.K.
Periodical:Journal of African Law
Geographic term:Botswana
Subject:retail trade
Abstract:Problems of entrepreneur ship and petty trade have largely been ignored in planning to reform land tenure and land use in Botswana. Yet the administrative agencies regulating land use are also involved in the licensing of trade, and the need to reform the trading regulations and traditions inherited from the colonial state are no less pressing than the need for land reform. The inherited trading regulations, often phrased or explained, as intended to protect consumers, constitute a formidable barrier to the development of new forms of competition in trade. The regulations favour the continued dominance in trade of the larger-scale traders, often aliens, who were established in their business before independence. Thus, in Botswana, the continued dominance of trade and commerce by Europeans and Asians since, Independence has been bolstered by a series of archaic and complex licensing regulations which, in effect, eliminate any advantage petty entrepreneurs might have in competing with large-scale, established enterprises. This problem is illustrated here by a survey of petty trading in the Kweneng District. Maps, notes, ref.