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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The problem of rural development and the politics of Ujamaa Vijijini in Handeni
Author:Freyhold, M.V.
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Geographic term:Tanzania
Abstract:Handeni, in 1967 inhabited by about 133,000 people, is a poor district in north-eastern Tanzania known for its recurrent food crises. Most of the farmers grow as much maize as they can, supplemented by a bit of cassava, some cooking bananas and a bit of sorghum. Better-off people usally own some cattle. Living conditions appear to have deteriorated not only relatively but also absolutely as a result of colonialism, probably because of the destruction of the traditional agricultural system under the Germans and the introduction of maize as the major cash-and-food crop in the 1920s. On 3 June 1968, government and party leaders met in Handeni to discuss the implementation of ujamaa in that district. The process of villagisation is described, as is the stability and progress of the ujamaa villages. In the short run the character and success of any village depended on the leadership it had (e.g. kulaks, political opportunists, proto-cadres) and on the way different leaders interacted with one another. Notes.