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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agrarian Crisis and Economic Liberalisation in Tanzania
Author:Lofchie, Michael F.
Year:1978
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Volume:16
Issue:3
Period:September
Pages:451-475
Language:English
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:villagization
agricultural crisis
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/160037
Abstract:It is now generally acknowledged that Tanzania's policy of rural collectivisation has been abandoned as a failure. The ujamaa village programme failed to gain ideological acceptance among the vast majority of the peasantry. The programme made only the barest headway in disseminating socialist practices in agriculture. There is compelling reason to believe that the programme of collective villagisation was the major cause of a crisis in agricultural production. Between 1972 and 1975, Tanzania's supply of domestically produced basic grains fell disastrously short of national needs. In the same time that the world's attention was concentrated on the famine in the Sahel and Ethiopia, Tanzania's population was in imminent peril of widespread famine. From the standpoint of an interest in the impact of village socialism on agricultural production, Tanzania's crisis must be treated primarily, if not exclusively, as a crisis of maize production. Following the agrarian crisis, Tanzania embarked upon a process of gradual economic liberalisation. Notes, tables.
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