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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sedentarization of nomads: Sudan
Author:Khogali, Mustafa Mohammed
Book title:The future of pastoral peoples: proceedings of a conference
Geographic term:Sudan
Abstract:The nomads of the Sudan fall into two broad categories: the Abbala, living in the semidesert and the desert edge, and the Baggara, living in the savanna zone. Rational and rotational use of resources are the most important merits claimed by the supporters of nomadism. However, they have their limitations and drawbacks, essentially: wastage in the use of human resources, incompatibility with the use of social services, and inability to absorb natural increases in human populations. As important agricultural development schemes came into being, town expanded and railways were constructed, some nomads began spontaneous settlement. After the 2nd World War, construction of water yards, improvements in the transport system, growth of markets, and introduction of some social services induced many nomads in Western Sudan to settle. This trend should be encouraged. Nomadism could change into transhumance, in which system the households settle but animals move under the care of individuals.