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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Xhosa Cattle Killings, 1856-1857
Author:Zarwan, John
Year:1976
Periodical:Cahiers d'études africaines
Volume:16
Issue:63-64
Pages:519-539
Language:English
Geographic terms:The Cape
South Africa
Subjects:Xhosa
colonial conquest
Xhosa cattle killing
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Link:https://doi.org/10.3406/cea.1976.2513
Abstract:The author sees the Xhosa cattle killings of 1856-57 as a response to White contact and intrusion. A long series of hostilities, loss of land and power, and culture clash, all contributed to the dislocation and disruption, if not disintegration, of Xhosa society. Population pressure and drought accentuated this process. The Xhosa response was firmly rooted in cultural patterns. The cattle killings had basic elements in common with the preaching of earlier prophets. Purification from witchcraft and sacrifice, especially of cattle to the shades are strictly in accordance with, and play a major role in, traditional Xhosa culture. Notes, table, French summary.
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