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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Social Change and Political Modernization in Burundi
Author:Lemarchand, RenéISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Burundi
Subjects:social change
social stratification
political conditions
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/159097
Abstract:This article deals with social change in Burundi before on 28 November 1966, following an army takeover, the Burundi monarchy was abolished and the country proclaimed a Republic. The dilemma faced by the Burundi monarchy in the years following independence was that the social and psychological transformations brought in the wake of self-government never became fully integrated into a stable institutional framework; because of this growing imbalance a two-sided conflict has developed involving, on the one hand, a very sharp and rapid polarisation of ethnic cleavages and, on the other hand, a major opposition between the Crown and the newly-institutionalised political roles occupied by the representatives of each of the two major racial groups. Each aspect is intimately related to the other. The initial revitalisation of the Crown, as well as its subsequent decline, were both the cause and the symptom of the continuous, though uneven, process of differentiation and change which has affected Burundi society in the last few years. Ref.