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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Hubert F. Julian and the Italo-Ethiopian war: a dark episode in Pan-African relations
Author:Scott, WilliamISNI
Periodical:Umoja: a scholarly journal of Black Studies
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:Italo-Ethiopian War
biographies (form)
Abstract:Discussion of the person of Colonel Hubert F. Julian, one of the only two Black volunteers from the Americas who managed to enlist in the Ethiopian military at the time of the Italo-Ethiopian war in 1935. Julian's interest in Ethiopia stemmed from a long, unevenly developed Ethiopianist tradition among Afro-Americans and in particular grew out of his association with the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the early 1920s. His role in the war was controversial. Today he stands as the singular American figure to risk his life in Ethiopia's defence. Yet he was soundly condemned by his contemporaries. The present author concludes that there is no apparent historical justification for portraying Julian as a major contributor to the Pan-Africanist movement. At best he provided good copy for reporters covering the Italo-Ethiopian war; at worst he strained Afro-American ties with Ethiopians and possibly gave aid to the Italian aggressors. Notes.