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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Irrigation Agriculture and Pastoral Development: A Lesson from Kenya
Author:Hogg, Richard
Year:1983
Periodical:Development and Change
Volume:14
Issue:4
Period:October
Pages:577-591
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:Boran
sedentarization
irrigation
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.1983.tb00167.x
Abstract:In the aftermath of the 1970's drought in the Sahel and war in the Ogaden, government and non-government organisations initiated famine relief programmes to alleviate the plight of the stockless pastoralists and many destitutes were settled at guickly established small-scale irrigation schemes. Two such schemes are compared: Malka Dakaa irrigation scheme, a costly failure, and Gafarsa irrigation scheme, a relatively cheap near-success. The former is capital intensive, expensive to run, and hierarchical in its organisation, and the latter is labour intensive, relatively inexpensive and egalitarian. However, under both schemes, farming is less productive than pastoralism and it is unlikely that it can ever replace pastoralism as the main economic pursuit of the Boran. What it can do, at a minimum and basic level, is to provide an economic supplement which in times of stock deaths could prove vital. Map, notes, ref.
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