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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Large industries in rural communities: who benefits?
Author:Oyebanji, J. Oluwole
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:rural economy
large enterprises
Abstract:Using Kwara State as a case study, the author examines the community impact of big plants in the rural areas of Nigeria. Big plants are defined as those industries employing at least fifty persons. In Kwara State five large rural plants were selected for investigation: the sugar refinery at Bacita, the yeast and industrial alcohol plant also at Bacita, the paper mill at Jebba, the paper converter at Erin-Ile, and the brewery at Ijagbo. On the basis of a questionnaire survey and interviews, information was collected on such things as the population of the host community before the plant's location; the number of people employed by sex, age and job categories in the new plant; the differences between the respective workers' previous earnings and their present earnings: the number of workers who are permanent residents or commuters; where the workers spend their income; how much of it is saved locally or spent on locally purchased goods and services. The study indicates that large plants in Nigeria's rural areas have little direct benefit to the local community. Their regional and national impact is somewhat greater. Also, the purely agrobased industries related to local resource endowments have a greater impact on the local community than other forms of industries. Bibliogr.