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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African health at Roan Antelope mine during the Second World War, 1939-1945
Author:Kalusa, W.T.
Periodical:The Journal of Humanities (Lusaka) (ISSN 1027-7455)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
World War II
Medicine, Nutrition, Public Health
public health
Occupational diseases
Roan Antelope Mine (Zambia)
World War, 1939-1945
Abstract:The Second World War played a key role in the epidemiological changes that took place at the Roan Antelope mine, located at Luanshya on Zambia's Copperbelt, between 1939 and 1945. The phenomenal expansion in copper production necessitated by the conflict in Europe led to the emergence of pathological diseases, notably silicosis and tuberculosis, as well as other occupational ailments. The increased pressure on production also created an ideal environment for accidents and white-on-black violence, both of which had serious negative effects on the physical well-being of the black mine workers. World War II furthermore acted as a catalyst in the deterioration of African housing, compound sanitation, and diet. Health problems such as the typhoid and typhus epidemics of 1941-1943, and deficiency diseases such as kwashiorkor and marasmus, were in essence productions of the deterioration in living conditions engendered by the war. Notes, ref.