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Title:The role of the Cambridge University Syndicate in the development of curriculum and examinations in Nigerian secondary schools, 1910-1960
Author:Adeyinka, Augustus A.ISNI
Periodical:The Journal of Humanities (Lusaka) (ISSN 1027-7455)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
secondary education
University of Cambridge. Local Examinations Syndicate
Curriculum planning
Secondary schools
Abstract:This article discusses the role of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES) in the development of curriculum and examinations in Nigerian secondary schools, from 1910 to 1960. As UCLES's examinations were designed for secondary school pupils, secondary schools in Nigeria consistently patterned their curricula to reflect the subjects regularly examined by the Cambridge Syndicate. Gradually Nigerian secondary schools became examination conscious and emphasis was laid on the content component of the curriculum while other elements, such as objectives, methods, and evaluation, were ignored. Since UCLES did not prescribe any specific objectives of teaching the various subjects it examined, preparation for an external examination became the main objective of teaching. For the same reason, the lecture method was widely used by secondary school teachers, while promotion examinations and the School Certificate Examination became the most important methods of evaluating the teaching efforts of teachers and the learning efforts of pupils. Notes, ref.