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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Effects of the CFA Franc Devaluation on Urban Food Consumption in West Africa: Overview and Cross-Country Comparisons
Authors:Diagana, Bocar
Akindes, Francis
Savadogo, Kimseyinga
Reardon, ThomasISNI
Staatz, John
Periodical:Food Policy
Geographic term:West Africa
urban households
urban areas
Economics and Trade
Urbanization and Migration
Health and Nutrition
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-9192(99)00060-3
Abstract:This paper summarizes research and policy questions, and research methods and findings of four case studies (household surveys from Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal undertaken variously in 1994, 1995, 1996 and 1997) of the impacts of the 1994 CFA franc devaluation on urban food consumption. Comparing food consumption patterns after the devaluation with those before, the paper shows that: 1) total cereal intake fell, especially for the poorest; 2) the intake of imported rice held steady; 3) the intake of domestic coarse grains did not rise; 4) only in Mali was there a significant shift to domestic rice; 5) imported wheat intake dropped; 6) roots, tuber and plantain consumption did not receive a boost; 7) there was an alarming 'de-diversification' of the diet, especially for the poorest, with reductions in meat, edible oils, and vegetables/fruit, as well as imported milk; there was, however, some increase in domestic oils/butters consumption; 8) there was some 'individualization' of consumption patterns with increased importance of the informal restaurant sector. In conclusion, the paper presents implications of these results for policymakers. Bibliogr., note, sum.