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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Social Production, Symbolism, and Ritual Inbuha, 1750-1900
Authors:Gwasa, G.C.K.
Mbwiliza, J.F.
Periodical:Tanzania Notes and Records
Geographic term:Tanzania
traditional polities
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Abstract:This contribution to the methodology of historical analysis of society re-examines oral traditions as they have been received by looking at the cultural elements of Buha society in their mutual connexion. Taking symbolism, ritual and religion as super-structural categories which are not independent of the basic structure of society, and the degree and frequency of rituals and symbolic ceremonies as indicative of the amount of social surplus, the authors review the several phases in which the period 1750-1900 can be divided and indicate which social features are connected with production in those phases, how changes occurred and what factors were of influence to these changes. Centering the discussion around the Bateko (individual lords), the Muteko (in the 18th century the chief rain-maker) and the ruling Tutsi clans, the authors describe the sociopolitical structure of the Buha kingdoms under the Mwani. By 1900 Buha comprised six kingdoms; Heru, Heru-Bushingo, Nkanda-Luguru (all in the present Kasulu District), Buyungu, Muhambwe (Kibondo Distr.) and Nkalinzi (Kigoma Distr.). Notes.