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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Slavery, Land Tenure and Social Class in the Northern Turkish Sudan
Author:Spaulding, Jay L.ISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic terms:Sudan
economic history
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/218446
Abstract:In 1820-21 the armies of Muhammad 'Ali overran the kingdom of Sinnar and thereafter, until the victory of the Mahdi after 1880, extended their rule over most of the modem Democratic Republic of the Sudan. Previous studies of the Turkish period, based largely upon government records, have tended to emphasise 'the administrative activities of the ruling institution'. The present article builds on this historiographical legacy in order to address broader social issues. Using travellers' accounts and legal documents collected from the private papers of Sudanese families, the author examines the socio-political effects of Turkish colonial rule, in particular the transition from a traditional precapitalist system of land tenure to one based upon the concept of private property, and the transformation of the traditional system of agricultural labour, particularly through the introduction of agricultural slavery. Fig., notes.