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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Slaves, Commoners and Landlords in Bulozi, c.1875-1906
Author:Clarence-Smith, W.G.
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic terms:Zambia
Great Britain
Lozi polity
class struggle
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/181515
Abstract:Reassessment of the history of Bulozi (Barotseland) in the late nineteenth century from a marxist viewpoint. A hereditary class of landlords owned the principal means of production and extracted rent in labour services and in kind from the direct producers. Tribute was paid to the king and royal family, in recognition of their ultimate ownership of the means of production. Surplus was employed to increase leisure time, to indulge in conspicuous consumption, to raise the level of the productive forces through, investment, and to maintain repressive political and ideological apparatuses. The main weight of oppression fell on the slaves, with free commoners in an ambivalent position. The evolution of class struggle was greatly affected by articulation with capitalism and colonialism. The first contacts stimulated exploitation by providing a larger market and more effective means of repression. Later the colonial state intervened to abolish slavery in order to intensify the flow of migrant labour to southern Africa. Map, notes.