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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Purification and millenarianism in Zaire: a case study in the socio-medical and magico-religious practice of the Kongo of Zaire
Author:Kimpianga kia Mahaniah
Year:1973
Periodical:Cahiers des religions africaines
Volume:7
Issue:14
Pages:227-245
Language:English
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:magic
millenarianism
Kongo
Abstract:Millenarian behaviour is a pattern of behaviour which is engrained in bantu religious philosophy. It is a very old phenomenon within their socio-medico-religious practice, not a new creation resulting merely from acculturation. Because this behavior existed in the traditional socio-medico-magico-religious institutions of most Bantu societies, the author believes that the millenarian behavior in Lower Zaire was more a traditional method of dealing with socio-political and magico-religious crises of any kind - confrontation with Christianity and colonialism being only one kind of crisis - than it was acculturative in nature. After describing the traditional healing system and the medical concept of the people of Lower Zaire the author deals with Munkukusa. This purificatory and millenarian movement began around 1948 in Manianga. In the 1950's it spread to the People's Republic of Congo, to Mayombe and south of the Zaire river. Still active there as 'Croix Koma', it has not reappeared in Zaire since the mid-fifties. Notes, summary in French.
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