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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Some thoughts on the process of urbanization in pre-twentieth century Ethiopia
Author:Michael, Akalu Wolde
Periodical:Ethiopian Geographical Journal
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subject:urban history
Abstract:Most Ethiopian urban centers owed their origin to the integrative activity of the political and military power of the ruling elite rather than to the influence of natural economic functions or to religious activity. The chief locus of the Ethiopian ketema was the ghebi (palace) and not the gebaya (market) or the bieta Christian (church). Central to the theme of urbanization in pre-twentieth century Ethiopia was the rise of political capitals. The translocation of capitals in pre-twentieth century Ethiopia was a function of historical father than of purely material or locational factors. Major historical factors for the shifts in location of Ethiopian capitals were: dynastic changes; internecine tribal and/or religious wars; external dangers; territorial expansion. In the twentieth century urbanization became a cumulative rather than a periodically recurring phenomenon under influence of the strong territorial state which had emerged. Notes, figures.