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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Economics of Crop Production in the Gezira Irrigation Scheme
Author:Laki, Sam L.
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:agricultural productivity
agricultural projects
farm management
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Development and Technology
Abstract:This study is a summary of the author's 1992 PhD dissertation (Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA). It assesses the performance of the Gezira Irrigation Scheme which is oriented to the production of cotton for export in the Gezira plain, which lies between the Blue and White Niles in Sudan. The objectives of the study are to identify the main constraints facing Gezira tenants; to evaluate the economic viability of the scheme; and to evaluate the alternative public policies designed to raise farm productivity. The study was based on primary data obtained from a survey of 96 Gezira farm households in the 1989-1990 cropping season. The major problems facing the Gezira tenants include poor operation and maintenance, bad management, shortage of equipment and skilled manpower, commodity price controls, late delivery of inputs, and lack of proven technology for groundnuts. The Sudan Gezira Board mandates the crops grown under rotation, which are cotton and groundnuts for export, wheat for import substitution and sorghum for local consumption. The study indicates a high potential for improvement in resource use, farm productivity and farm income through better land preparation, agronomic practices, input use, improved seed, and farm management. Bibliogr.