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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Land, Labor and Coffee: The South's Role in Ethiopian Self Reliance, 1889-1935
Author:McClellan, Charles W.
Periodical:African Economic History
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Labor and Employment
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3601388
Abstract:Incorporation into its empire of extensive new southern territories in the last third of the nineteenth century opened up vast economic possibilities for Ethiopia's Amhara-Tigre colonizers, opportunities utilized by both individual settlers and national leaders. The northern administration imposed in the south a facsimile of its own feudal-like structure, yet a variety of unique social, political, and economic factors dictated local modification. From the beginning, the southern socio-political organization differed, permitting a greater manipulation and exploitation of the subject peoples. Both Menilek II (r. 1889-1913) and his eventual successor, Haile Selassie I (r. 1930-74) channelled southern recources into projects that promoted the country's independence. For the former these endeavors were primarily military; for his successor chiefly economic and diplomatic. Both achieved relative success. The role played by Ethiopia's new southern periphery in these individual imperial quests is the subject of this article, with special emphasis placed on a case study of Sidamo province's Darasa. Notes, tab.