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Title:Notes on a Ghanaian 'been-to'
Author:Chaplin, J.H.
Periodical:Makerere Journal
Geographic term:Ghana
Abstract:The term 'been-to' is used to denote an African who has been educated, or largely educated, outside his own continent in Europe or America. The 'been-to' is Raphael Ernest Grail Armattoe who was born in Denu, Ghana, on August 12th, 1913 After studying and practising medicine in Europe he returned to Africa in 1950 and entered the political life of his native country. He was clearly acutely out of sympathy with the personalities of national change who eventually came to power. In 1955 he led a delegation to the United Nations, and while returning from this died in Hamburg. Raphael Armattoe is an example, not of a poet who is important for what he says in his poetry but of a phase which it seems must be passed through in cultural exchange, when one language is being tested as a medium by those speaking another. Attempted is to isolate those themes in his poetry to which he so often returns that they must be considered as the mainstreams of his thoughts. Notes.