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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Tanzanian cooperative movement at the beginning of the eighties: a comment
Author:Baldus, Rolf D.
Periodical:Internationales Afrikaforum
Geographic term:Tanzania
Abstract:The period between 1967 and 1973 was characterized by the determined effort of the government to implement the Ujamaa villages approach. Despite high inputs in terms of finance, infrastructure and manpower, the practical results did not come up to the high expectations. By the end of 1973 about 2.5 million people or 18-19% of the total population were living in Ujamaa villages. Communal activities continued to be insignificant as compared with private production. During the whole Ujamaa period 1968-1973 the role of the cooperative societies, registered under the cooperative law of 1968 and their relation to the developing Ujamaa villages remained unclear and a source of political and economic conflicts. An act passed in 1975 gave the villages a legal status, introduced election procedures for village leadership and outlined the organizational set-up. In the new law the villages are defined as multi-purpose cooperative societies, and no society registered under the 1968 act is allowed to operate within a village. During the last years a shift of power from the movement to government authorities is discernable. Ref.