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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Villagisation and the 1974-6 economic crisis in Tanzania
Author:Briggs, John
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Tanzania
agricultural crisis
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/160747
Abstract:Michael Lofchis, in 'Agrarian Crisis and Economic Liberalisation in Tanzania' (J. Mod. Afr. Stud., 16(1978), 3, p. 451-475), states: 'Since collective villagisation had been the cornerstone of Tanzania's rural policy for the preceding five years - (the five-year period ending in March 1974) - it seemed obvious to conclude that this bore some responsibility for the food crisis'. He further suggests that the economic crisis came about 'because of the disastrous attempt to implement a programme of collective villagisation in fulfillment of the concept that the agricultural sector could be successfully organised on a socialist basis'. It is perfectly clear that Lofchie lays the blame for the 1974-6 crisis at the door of the collectivisation policy associated with the development of ujamaa villages, based firmly on the acceptance of communal farming as the major mode of production. Aim of this article is to demonstrate that this is in fact not the case and, at the same time, to offer an alternative and more convincing explanation of the reasons leading to the 1974-6 crisis. Notes, tab.