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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Education and Society in Prerevolutionary Ethiopia
Author:Amare, GirmaISNI
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Ethiopia
political action
educational history
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Education and Oral Traditions
History and Exploration
Abstract:In the early nineteenth century three distinct positions emerged concerning change and modernisation of Ethiopian society: conservative, radical, and moderate. The moderate view ultimately prevailed and was translated into practice by emperor Haile Sellassie, most notably through the controlled and supervised development of education. As the emperor had intended, modern education helped modernise the army and civil service. However, there were also difficulties inherent in the imperial modernisation policy. It was difficult, if not impossible, to educate the people and yet try to control their thoughts, while neglect of the agricultural sector led to serious economic and social problems. The emperor failed to win the loyalty of the educated. There was a growing political awareness among Ethiopian youth and students, fuelled by the attempted coup of 1960, and accompanied by increasing government repression. At this time of acute moral crisis, socialism had several appeals. - Ref.