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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sex Roles and Development Effects on the Nigerian Tiv Farm Household
Authors:Burfisher, Mary E.
Horenstein, Nadine R.
Periodical:Rural Africana
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:gender relations
small farms
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:Sex role differences are particularly important in the context of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa, where women produce up to 70 percent of the continent's food, and where there is commonly a sharp division maintained between the labor roles, income, and financial responsibilities of women and men within the household. This paper uses an agricultural development project in Nigeria as a case study (with focus on the Tiv) to examine the expected effect of a development project; it compares a conventional project planning methodology based on the aggregated farm household with the results of the proposed planning methodology that incorporates sex role differences in the household. Hypotheses tested: 1) the amount and seasonality of female and male labor requirements are affected differently by project interventions because of their different labor roles regarding crops and tasks by crops; 2) women's and men's income levels and incomeearning opportunities are affected differently by project interventions because of their different sources of income and different household expenditure responsibilities. Fig., notes, ref., tab.