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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The military in traditional African societies
Author:Ukpabi, S.C.
Periodical:Afrika Spectrum
Geographic term:Africa
military history
Abstract:Although military establishments in Africa showed as many variations as the traditional societies which fashioned them, yet the former served the latter in similar ways. The military served as a means of maintaining a social order. Externally it was used against other societies in order to maintain the balance of power. It served not only the government but also as the embodiment of a society's will. Three main types can be distinguished: a citizen-army, which was raised as the need arose; a core of professional soldiers whose number was supplemented by the calling up of able-bodied citizens whenever necessary; a wholly professional army in the 19th century. Sections of the article: Types of military organizations - Effects of the military on traditional societies - The role of women, slaves and mercenaries in traditional armies - Military and political matters. Notes; résumé en français.