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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Development of Women's Authority in the Kano Tijaniyya, 1894-1963
Author:Hutson, Alaine S.
Year:1999
Periodical:Africa Today
Volume:46
Issue:3-4
Period:Summer/Fall
Pages:43-64
Language:English
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
Subjects:Muslim brotherhoods
women
History and Exploration
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Cultural Roles
Historical/Biographical
agriculture
Sex Roles
gender
Sufism
Tijaniyya
Link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/africa_today/v046/46.3hutson.pdf
Abstract:This paper highlights the role of women in devotional practices of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in the largely Muslim city of Kano, northern Nigeria, and the contribution of particular women to the history of this mystic Islamic order. It focuses on two women of the first generation of Kano Tijani female 'muqaddamat', i.e. persons who command the spiritual authority to induct others into a Sufi order. They are Hajiya Iya and Umma Makaranta, who were active during the period 1937-1963. Male patrons helped them rise to their authoritative status. These women achieved spiritual and personal authority and helped create new possibilities for women in Kano. Kano Tijani women can now become teachers, 'muqaddamat', shaykhas, and leaders. In most cases the same families and clans led both the male and female communities of the order. Kano Tijani's women's activities posed no threat to the social order; on the contrary, these women helped the order realize its goal of becoming a mass movement. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.
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