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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African urbanization in Kenya
Author:Golds, J.M.
Periodical:Journal of African Administration
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:urban society
small farms
land law
Abstract:Urbanization has followed land consolidation in the Central Province. Over a million Kikuyu, Embu and Meru were moved from scattered homesteads into 1300 villages during the emergency. Land consolidation presented problems of security and of agricultural efficiency, and out of these arose the idea of permanent 'towns', of which 732 are being built in Central Province. People with land in excess of subsistance holdings are permitted to return to their farms from the 'Emergency villages', but those with less hold both their land (not as a'farm' but as an 'Allotment', surveyed nearby) and also a small acreage, in town. The unit for land consolidation was normally the administrative Sub - Location; a town is to be built in each of these. Those with more than a subsistance holding can have a town plot as well as a country farm, and most realized the financial advantages of freehold town plots. There is also common land in towns. The fact of living in towns has led to a great demand for social services, water and electricity supplies; financial problems are serious. The category most affected by the great change in the Kikuyu way of life brought by the town is that of the traditional squatters (ahoi), who now possess a greater security than in the past and can own freehold lands in towns.