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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Embargo on Arms Sales to Ethiopia, 1916-1930
Author:Marcus, Harold G.ISNI
Year:1983
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Volume:16
Issue:2
Pages:263-279
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:foreign policy
arms embargo
history
1910-1919
1920-1929
1930-1939
Military, Defense and Arms
History and Exploration
international relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/217788
Abstract:Many writers have commented that an important cause of Haile Sellassie's defeat in 1936 was a lack of weapons and ammunition resulting from an embargo on arms sales applied in 1935 to industrial Italy, which could produce its own war material, and to agricultural Ethiopia, which could not. The imperial Ethiopian government always stressed this explanation rather than exposing such embarrassing reasons as the absence of a modern, disciplined army, poor leadership, inadequate communications, insufficient infrastructure, or a shortage of foreign exchange. The focus on 1935-1936 has hidden, moreover, the fact that from 1916 to 1930, there was an embargo on arms sales to Ethiopia that undermined and impeded the long-term infusion of weapons. The details of the 1916-1930 embargo are exposed against the background of the colonial interests of Britain, France and Italy during those years. Notes.
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