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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:1877-1880: Three Years of Sudanese Domination in the Somali Coast
Author:Moore-Harell, Alice
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic terms:Sudan
Great Britain
colonial administration
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/northeast_african_studies/v004/4.3.moore-harell.pdf
Abstract:Based on archival records and the unedited papers of the then governor-general of the Sudan, Charles Gordon, this paper presents a reconstruction of the history of an exceptional period - 1877-1880 - during the Egyptian administration in the Horn of Africa, when the main port towns on the Somali coast, between Tadjoura and Berbera, were detached from the Egyptian bureaucracy and subordinated to the Sudanese authorities, who were at that time almost entirely autonomous from Cairo's control. Egypt acquired complete control along the western coast of the Red Sea in May 1865 when a 'firman' from the Ottoman Empire granted the Khedive Ismail (1863-1879) the port towns of Suakin and Massawa. On Gordon's appointment as governor-general of the Sudan in 1877, the Khedive Ismail decided to attach the districts of Tadjoura, Berbera, Zeila and Harar to direct Sudanese authority. The Khedive held Gordon in high esteem and trusted his administrative abilities. He concluded that this new policy of administrative reshuffling would strengthen Egyptian control over the Gulf of Aden and guarantee adequate protection against possible Ethiopian aggression in the Red Sea Province. Notes, ref.