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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:An experimental approach to language development with severe retarded children in Ghana
Author:Danquah, S.A.
Periodical:Psychopathologie africaine
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:special education
mentally disabled
Abstract:In the institution for mentally retarded children in Ghana 67% of the severely retarded children with the age range of 5-9 years had never spoken more than 'the odd few words'. It was assumed that language like other behaviours is learned and that factors known to influence learning would be operating and could be used to enhance learning. A basic language training scheme was drawn up for nine children, using behaviour modification and manipulation of rotery solenoid, on which was mounted a mirror which reflected a picture from a projector on to the screen. This acted as reinforcer. Each child had seven trials and the performance of each trial was assessed on a six-point scale. The analysis of variance for each training session indicated a treatment effect and subject effect. It was found that language improvement in retarded children is a possibility and that producing a therapeutic environment will have a significant effect on their development of functional speech. Diagr., ref., tab., sum. (French).