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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Quality of Governance: 'Second-Generation' Civil Service Reform in Africa
Authors:Ul Haque, Nadeem
Aziz, Jahangir
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Volume:8 Supplement
Geographic terms:Subsaharan Africa
administrative reform
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
Abstract:This paper addresses issues raised by public sector reform in Africa. The first generation of public sector reform has focused on the quantitative adjustments needed for relieving fiscal pressures. The second generation will have to face the issues of the wage sector and the quality of public sector management. Good governance can enhance the efficiency of entrepreneurs in the economy. However, while openness in product markets can deliver increased competitiveness in the private sector, it is not clear that it can force the country's leadership to change and the government to become more efficient. One of the most striking effects of the fall in the incentives provided by governments to retain their skilled workers has been for the latter to leave their countries. The paper argues that critical in any deep reform of the public sector is the need to put in place incentives for the proper utilization of human capital, which Africa has lost in the past three decades through poor wage policies and migration. The growing trend in recent years to use foreign technical assistance to cope with this loss is not a sustainable solution. What the situation calls for are reforms in the public sector's employment policies. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.