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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Regional inequality in Uganda could lead to social conflict
Author:Kasozi, A.B.K.ISNI
Periodical:Uganda Journal (ISSN 0041-574X)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Uganda
East Africa
Subjects:political stability
regional disparity
income distribution
regional development
social inequality
ethnic conflicts
political conflicts
Economic equity
External link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/uj/article/view/23016
Abstract:This article concentrates on regional inequality in Uganda as the most explosive form of inequality in the country's past and present. The violence that consumed Ugandan society in the period 1964-1986 was, to a great extent, caused by social and economic inequality, particularly regional inequality. Regional inequality that favoured the central region of Buganda contributed to the rise of postindependence leaders Apollo Milton Obote and Idi Amin, who wished to subdue the Baganda and put Buganda on the same economic footing as the other regions. However, their repressive rule backfired. Instead of violence, peaceful policies and programmes should be adopted to eliminate regional disparities. In order to learn from the past, this article therefore looks to the precolonial and colonial history of the Buganda substate and the fatally counterproductive repressive measures taken under Obote in the 1960s to end the favoured position of the Baganda. It then presents data on the present regional distribution of wealth, access to essential services, and human development indicators, concluding that the central region, Buganda, remains the major consumer of wealth, although the western region is overtaking the east as the number two most developed region, and pointing to poverty and deprivation in the north as factors contributing to the present insurgency in that region. Ref.