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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:On Poverty in Rural Botswana: Results from a Survey of Small Villages
Authors:Teklu, Tesfaye
Yohannes, Yisehac
Year:1998
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Volume:14
Issue:2
Period:June
Pages:1-17
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:rural poverty
Economics and Trade
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Economics, Commerce
poverty
rural areas
income distribution
Abstract:Despite rapid growth in aggregate real income, Botswana continues to face endemic problems of unemployment, poverty and undernutrition in rural areas. Both the depth of poverty and its dispersion are considerable among the poor, especially in small villages and settlements. Poverty is a function of both the level of income and the degree of inequality of wealth. These are significantly related to differences in household size in adult equivalent, level of livestock ownership, educational attainment of principal income earner, and proximity to urban labour market. Poverty is gender differentiated, but it is linked more to gender-specific differences in these determinants of living standards. A simulation of how much these discriminants screen the poor indicates that they are capable of capturing a greater percentage of the poor when they are applied in combination than separately, but how they are combined is crucial in determining the extent of targeting the poor. The analysis draws on primary data collected from rural household surveys in eight small villages in the eastern part of Botswana in November 1991 and January 1992. Bibliogr., notes, sum.
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