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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Institutional Erosion in the Drylands: The Case of the Borana Pastoralists
Author:Helland, JohanISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
agricultural projects
animal husbandry
Development and Technology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Boran (African people)
Pastoral economy
Abstract:Pastoral development projects have become an important part of the context within which pastoralists live. Although few have achieved what they set out to achieve, they have none the less often had important consequences for their pastoral 'beneficiaries', creating new opportunities or imposing new problems. Borana, a pastoral society straddling the border between Ethiopia and Kenya, is no exception. In the Ethiopian context, Borana moved from a situation of loose administration and little interference from central government, through a period with a large, classical pastoral development project (involving water development, demarcation of ranches and feed-lost, directed range management, veterinary services, marketing), concurrently with intensification of government control. Today, the Borana find themselves more or less on their own in facing the consequences of a failed development approach. Government development services have been retrenched and to a large extent replaced by NGOs which are neither willing, nor able, to fill the gaps left by government. The present article focuses on the dynamics of Borana pastoralism and contemporary issues in Borana, including the effects of increasing market integration, the reduced capacity to handle drought, and the Borana political system and relations with the State and NGOs. Bibliogr., notes, sum.