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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Confronting the Combines: Producers' and Traders' Militancy in Western Nigeria in the 1930s against Low Prices for Cocoa Crops
Author:Olukoju, Ayodeji
Year:2000
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies
Volume:9
Issue:1
Pages:49-69
Language:English
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Great Britain
Subjects:farmers
colonialism
strikes
traders
palm kernels
cocoa
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
External link:http://www.njas.helsinki.fi/pdf-files/vol9num1/olukoju.pdf
Abstract:This essay examines the militant response of western Nigerian producers and traders to the economic crisis of the 1930s - falling prices occasioned by the Great Depression, and the throttling policies of the expatriate combines. Farmers on their own and in collaboration with African middlemen confronted the United Africa Company and other expatriate firms, which had cornered the trade of the colony and were held responsible for low produce prices. Attention is paid to the holdups organized by the Urhobo oil palm producers (1934/1935 and 1938/1939) and the cocoa pool crisis (1937/1938) in Yorubaland. Neither the Urhobo oil palm producers nor the Yoruba middlemen cocoa traders could turn the tide, despite their respective strikes. The point that organizational deficiencies contributed largely to the failure of the produce holdups of the 1930s is amplified and buttressed by a comparison with the Gold Coast, where a cocoa holdup was far more effective than the one in Nigeria. Bibliogr., notes, ref.
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