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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Eritrean and Ethiopian Refugees in the United States
Author:Woldemikael, Tekle M.
Periodical:Eritrean Studies Review (ISSN 1086-9174)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Eritrea
United States
Northeast Africa
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
international relations
Immigration law
social integration
economic integration
Abstract:Since the end of the forced migration of Africans to the Americas in the 19th century, Eritreans and Ethiopians represent the first African refugee immigrants to come to the USA in significant numbers, in 1997 totalling some 100,000. They are the first voluntary immigrants from Africa. From the passage of the Refugee Act of 1980 up to 1993, Ethiopians and Eritreans constituted the overwhelming majority of African refugees in the US. The primary reason they immigrated was political. The emergence of an independent Eritrea (1993) and a non-military government in Ethiopia (1991) has stemmed the tide of political refugees. This paper describes conditions of transition and resettlement, characteristics of the refugees, their life in the USA, in particular their economic, social and cultural incorporation, attitudes to gender relations, racial identity, and communal concerns. Finally, the question of why most of the refugees decide not to be repatriated to their home countries is discussed, as well as the perspective of second-generation Eritreans and Ethiopians in the States. Bibliogr.