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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Public Sector Reform in a Poor, Aid-Dependent Country, Tanzania
Author:Therkildsen, Ole
Year:2000
Periodical:Public Administration and Development
Volume:20
Issue:1
Period:February
Pages:61-71
Language:English
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:economic policy
development cooperation
public sector
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Link:https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-162X(200002)20:1<61::AID-PAD101>3.0.CO;2-T
Abstract:From the mid-1980s onwards, structural adjustment programmes have spearheaded a liberalization of the economy in Tanzania. Poor performance, inefficiency and corruption in the public sector also contribute to pressures for reform. These pressures have grown with the introduction of multipartyism in 1995. It is in this context of economic and political liberalization, severe budgetary constraints, poor public sector performance and substantial donor dependency that the paradox of public sector reform occurs. Multiple changes in the public sector are being pursued despite fragile domestic political support for the reform package as a whole and despite few service delivery improvements on the ground. Whereas Tanzania suffered from 'projectitis' in the 1980s with some 2,000 donor-funded development projects, 'reformitis' is now emerging: a multitude of reforms, also mostly donor-funded, are being implemented or under preparation. It is difficult to identify strong domestic support for the reform package as a whole, which is not surprising because the problems of the public sector are complex and there has been a strong focus on cost reductions, pay issues and reorganization. Substantial external influence, fragmented domestic policymaking and weak links between policymaking and implementation contribute to the multiplication of reforms. Ministries and donors pursuing particularistic strategies make cabinet decisions and strategies more difficult to achieve. New public management (NPM) inspired measures such as performance-related pay and the performance improvement model are problematic in a Tanzanian setting. Bibliogr., notes, sum.
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