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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Economic Reform, Political Liberalization and Economic Ethnic Conflict in Kenya
Author:Ogachi, Oanda
Year:1999
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Volume:24
Issue:1-2
Pages:83-107
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
Subjects:ethnic relations
class relations
Economics and Trade
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
politics
Economic reform
ethnic conflicts
Structural adjustment programmes
Power (Social sciences)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24484539
Abstract:This article argues that class interests of an economic nature have been largely responsible for the ethnic conflicts that occurred in Africa in the 1990s. Using public choice theory, it aims to show the role of ethnic elites in the promotion of ethnicity and how they gain economically by mobilizing ethnic emotions. Emphasis is placed on class differentiation within ethnic groups and the role of elites as ethnic entrepreneurs. Taking the case of Kenya as an example, the article first looks at the historical process in which ethnic tensions have been built up. Then it focuses on the violent ethnic confrontations that erupted in some parts of Kenya in the context of political and economic reform. It shows that the level of discontent with the government increased among the urban poor and in the rural areas because of the failure of the adjustment programmes and that economic motives clearly played a role in the eruption of ethnic conflict. Bibliogr., sum. in French.
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