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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethiopia and Eritrea at war: saga of triumph and tragedy at the dawn of the millennium
Author:Milkias, PaulosISNI
Periodical:Horn of Africa
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Abstract:This paper tells the story of the large-scale war between Eritrea and Ethiopia in 1998 and 1999. It gives attention to arms procurement by both countries on the eve of and during the war; the uneasy relationship and cooperation between the former liberation movements of both countries and the genesis of the war, including the role of the Eritrean minority in Ethiopia; the border demarcation problems since the Tripartite Treaty of 1902; the Eritrean invasion of Ethiopian territory, the military exchanges and the attacks against civilians, in particular air raids; the various lightning offensives, and the evolution of the war along the battlefronts of Zalambassa-Egala, Badme, and Mereb-Setit; the involvement of regional powers and actors, including Sudan, Egypt, Kenya, and Somalia; and the spread of the conflict to Somalia through Eritrea's support for the Somali warlord Aideed and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). Finally, the article assesses the lack of economic and political sustainability of Eritrea. If the present regime stays in power, the country may end in stateless anarchy. Notes, ref.