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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Wildlife and Politics: CAMPFIRE in Zimbabwe
Authors:Alexander, JocelynISNI
McGregor, JoAnnISNI
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:social conflicts
rural development
communal lands
wildlife protection
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Abbreviation:CAMPFIRE=Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7660.00169
Abstract:In the mid-1990s, mention of the development programme known as Campfire (Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources) was enough to provoke threats of violence from the residents of the Gwampa Valley in southern Nkayi and Lupane districts of Zimbabwe. This article explores why such a potentially positive programme went so badly wrong in the case of these districts, raising points of wider significance for comparable initiatives. Local histories and institutional politics need careful examination. The first part of the article thus investigates the histocial forces which shaped attitudes to game, while the second part considers the powerful institutional and economic forces which conspired to sideline these historically formed local views. Campfire in Nkayi and Lupane was further shaped by the legacies of postindependence State violence in this region, and the failure of earlier wildlife projects. This range of factors combined to create deep distrust of Campfire, and quickly led to open confrontation. The article is based on research conducted between 1994 and 1996. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.