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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Income Distribution and Inequality: Gender, Labour Market Status and Macro-Economic Policy
Author:Adesina, Jimi O.ISNI
Periodical:African Sociological Review
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:income distribution
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24487658
Abstract:The primary concern of this paper is with the sensitivity of income distribution and inequality to gender and labour market status (separately and combined) in Nigeria. A secondary consideration is the impact of structural adjustment on this sensitivity. The data for the analysis are from a household sample survey of 473 households with 2,412 members, conducted between September and December 1993 in five neighbourhoods in Ibadan (y State), and in Irwol Local Government Area in sun State, in urban, semi-urban and rural areas. The relation between gender and the size distribution of personal or per capita household income is statistically significant. Among heads of household the relationship is not significant. Income inequality is more pronounced among female-headed households. For southwestern Nigeria, patriarchy could as well coexist with wealth and power for some women. Class and gender should be taken together. The relation between labour market status and the size distribution of personal and per capita income is also significant. Households whose heads are in wage employment are worse off than those with heads in self-employment. Income inequality has worsened under structural adjustment. The rising cost of private financing of education may serve as a disincentive for the development of the human capital base of the economy. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.