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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The military and political instability in Nigeria: 1985-1993
Authors:Nwosu, Nereus I.ISNI
Ovwasa, O. LuckyISNI
Periodical:African Notes: Bulletin of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:political stability
civil-military relations
Abstract:This paper examines the extent to which the incursion of the military into the politics of Nigeria and into Nigerian government has contributed to political instability and political, economic and social stagnation. Its focus is on the period between 1985, when President General Ibrahim Babangida initiated a military and political transition programme, to 1993, when this long transition to democracy and civil rule ended with a stillborn Third Republic. Seeking to hang on to power at all costs, the military contributed to political instability by rewriting the rules of political competition and by shifting goal posts. The unstable nature of Babangida's military regime was manifested in political appointments, juggling of government personnel at various levels, frequent cabinet reshuffles, and erratic economic policies. The transition programme was inconsistent. It may well be that the military also failed because it was itself unstable, due to the high rate of attempted coups and the retirement of highly trained officers. The military are not trained in the art of governance. Their control of political power has exposed their inadequacies. Ref.