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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Human rights and development in the twenty-first century: the African challenges
Author:Mulembe, EnochISNI
Year:1999
Periodical:Zambia Law Journal
Volume:31
Pages:41-68
Language:English
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:underdevelopment
human rights
social and economic rights
Abstract:This article examines the implications of underdevelopment for the realization of human rights, especially economic rights, in Africa. Africa has a real stake in realizing the right to development. Development and human rights are linked and one should not let human rights wait until the economy improves. Rather, the idea is that human rights are better ensured with progressive development. As long as African development remains stagnant or retrogressive, there is little chance of promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms effectively. The problem of poverty is Africa's greatest human rights issue. This is compounded by the continent's crushing foreign debt. The current economic woes facing the continent are the result of the imbalance in international economic relations in favour of the developed North. However, a New International Economic Order (NIEO) per se will not solve Africa's problems. It would bring some needed benefits, but another factor would do better in turning around the battered economies of Africa: the efficient use of the available resources. In this context, Africa should take account of its own contribution to underdevelopment. It desperately needs good and responsible governments. Notes, ref.
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