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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender: A CGE Analysis of Mozambique
Authors:Arndt, ChanningISNI
Tarp, FinnISNI
Periodical:World Development
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:gender relations
agricultural production
agricultural technology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Labor and Employment
Sex Roles
Cultural Roles
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(00)00017-6
Abstract:The population of Mozambique is predominantly rural and overwhelmingly poor. Women figure prominently in agricultural activities; cassava is an important food crop; and rural households are heavily dependent on agriculture for income. This paper examines interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behaviour and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include: detailed accounting of marketing margins, home consumption, risk and gender roles in agricultural production. The results show that agricultural technology improvements benefit both male and female occupants of rural households. Due to economic interactions, agricultural technology improvements are particularly compelling when combined with marketing system improvements. Moreover, technological change in cassava appears to be a particularly strong lever for increasing female and overall household welfare, especially when risk is considered. App., bibliogr., sum.