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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Early metal-working in Nigeria
Authors:Okpoko, A. IkechukwuISNI
Ibeanu, A.M.
Periodical:West African Journal of Archaeology
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:indigenous technology
metalworking industry
Abstract:Using ethnographic data, oral information and archaeological data, this paper reflects on the varieties of metal-working techniques in an effort to see how these varieties throw light on the understanding of ancient metal-working traditions in Nigeria. It looks at methods of copper working and methods of iron working, viz. smelting and smithing. With respect to smelting, two types of 'iron' are discussed: bloomery iron, produced directly in solid form in a low temperature furnace, and steel, produced directly from the furnace. The authors argue that understanding Nigerian traditional industries and technology holds the key to any meaningful and sustainable technological development in the country. Bibliogr.