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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conservation, Displacement, and Livelihoods: The Consequences of Eviction for Pastoralists Moved from the Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania
Author:Brockington, Daniel
Periodical:Nomadic Peoples
Geographic term:Tanzania
animal husbandry
national parks and reserves
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Abstract:In northeast Tanzania there is a moderate-sized game reserve called Mkomazi. It has been the subject of controversy within Tanzania and internationally. The reserve has long been contested by people who wished to use it and those promoting the interest of wildlife, who wanted it restored as a wildlife sanctuary. In the late 1980s the wildlife interests prevailed; large numbers of people, many of them pastoralists, were evicted from the reserve. This paper, which is based on field research in 1994-1998 among the Maasai, Parakuyo and Pare pastoralists of Mkomazi, examines some of the consequences of their eviction from Mkomazi, focusing on the resulting changes for the livestock economy at the district and the household level; then it considers the opposition to the moves and international reports about them. The paper argues that eviction and loss of grazing land had a detrimental effect on the livestock economy, and that livelihoods have changed as a result. However, it is also clear that pastoralists' resilience is manifest in hardship. It is in the face of resource loss that livelihoods are adapted and coping strategies formulated. The former residents of Mkomazi are at once impoverished and resourceful; weak and strong. Bibliogr., note, ref., sum. in French and Spanish.